Orthopedics Archive

Clavicle and Shoulder Injuries in Children

Clavicle Fractures Clavicle fractures may occur through bone or through proximal or distal growth plates.

Humeral Fractures in Children

Humeral fractures in children may occur at any location.

Elbow Injuries in Children

Elbow injuries in children are complex and frequently complicated. Supracondylar fractures are most common. Fracture combinations sometimes occur. The combinations involve the olecranon and medial epicondyle and the olecranon and radial neck.

Lateral Condylar Fractures in Children

Lateral condylar fractures in children account for about 12% of elbow fractures. They result from a violent force with the elbow in extension. These fractures are unique for the risk of nonunion.

Radial Head and Neck Fractures in Children

Radial neck fractures occur most often from the ages of 4 to 14 years and are often associated with elbow injuries. Together, these injuries often cause outcomes that are less satisfactory than most pediatric fractures.

Distal Radius Fractures in Children

Manage most distal radius fractures in children with significant displacement by closed reduction. Generally, if a deformity is visible, reduction is appropriate.

Forearm Fractures in Children

Distal forearm fractures in children are most common, and those involving the metaphysis usually involve both bones. Diaphyseal fractures are common in girls ages 10 to 12 years and in boys ages 12 to 14 years.

Knee Injuries in children

Imaging of the knee injuries in children should include AP and lateral radiographs. Add special views and MRI studies if ligament or meniscal injury is suspected. MRI is less reliable in the young child because congenital abnormalities

Tibial Fractures in Children

Tibial fractures account for about 8% of children’s fractures. Because the tibia has little soft tissue cover and the leg is exposed to view with normal clothing, malunion is more obvious than for most long-bone fractures. Overgrowth

Ankle Injuries in Children

Accessory Ossicles Accessory ossification centers occur in both the malleoli. In some cases, this ossification center fails to fuse with the epiphysis, and an accessory ossicle develops. Fracture of the synchrondrosis between the ossicle and the malleolus