Orthopedics Archive

Septic Arthritis in Children

Septic arthritis is a joint inflammation due to an infection usually involving synovial joints. Many agents may cause septic arthritis in children, but the vast majority are due to various strains of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus and Kingella

Osteomyelitis in Children

Osteomyelitis in the preantibiotic era often caused death or severe disability. Currently, osteomyelitis remains a relatively common problem but with a much better prognosis.

Musculoskeletal Infections in Children

The child’s medical history is important in the assessment of any previous injury or medical problem in the course of the current musculoskeletal infection. The duration of symptoms in septic arthritis is of prognostic significance. Infections that

Pathogenesis of Musculoskeletal Infections

An understanding of the pathogenesis of musculoskeletal infections facilitates management.

Foot and Ankle Problems in Children’s Sport

Foot and ankle problems are common in nearly all sports. Most problems are generic and occur during play or athletic participation. Sports add intensity to normal activity and may bring out problems that might otherwise remain unnoticed.

Femoral Physeal Fractures

The distal femoral epiphysis may fail before the medial collateral ligament. This differentiation between the physeal fracture and ligament tear can usually be made by physical examination. Avoid stress radiographs, as the study may further damage the

Femoral Shaft Fractures in Children

Some generalizations can be made about femoral shaft fractures in children. The femur heals spontaneously even with widely displaced fragments. Nonunion is rare. The healing rate is age dependent, and the relationship between time of union and

Flexible IM Fixation of Femoral Fractures

Flexible IM fixation of femoral fractures is the best fixation for most fractures in ages 6 to the end of growth. Contraindications include comminution and unstable fracture patterns, or unacceptable anesthetic risk.

Types of Proximal Femoral Fractures

Fractures of the upper femur (proximal femoral fractures) are serious injuries with many complications. They are classified by the Delbet–Colonna system.

Pelvic Fractures in Children

Pelvic Fractures in children are often associated with serious injuries. Pelvic Ring Fractures Tile classification This classification is used for both child and adult fractures. Class A These fractures are inherently stable. They may include avulsion injuries;