Cardiac surgery Archive
CARDIAC SURGICAL EMERGENCIES Injuries of the heart fortunately are not common. The heart is protected on all sides by the sturdy rib cage which affords protection from most blunt injuries to the chest. Penetrating wounds, such as
There is a multitude of conditions which may impair the central cardiac system. Many of these are now correctable by surgical procedures, and in the last few years the number of conditions which may be benefited by
One of the greatest handicaps to heart surgery is the fact that a constant supply of oxygen is needed throughout the body, especially to certain vital organs. The cardiovascular system is the only means of supplying the
Pediatric cardiac transplantation is an established treatment option for children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, other complex congenital anomalies not amenable to surgical treatment, and various forms of end-stage cardiomyopathy.
Essentials of Diagnosis Infants may have severe heart failure; children are usually asymptomatic. Absent or weak femoral pulses. Systolic pressure higher in upper extremities than in lower extremities; diastolic pressures are similar. Harsh systolic murmur heard in
Four types of congenital aortic stenosis are generally recognized. Valvular stenosis is the most common type; subaortic and supravalvular stenosis and asymmetric septal hypertrophy occur infrequently.