The most common afflictions of the skeletal system are those induced by injury. In modern times injuries are encountered at an ever-increasing rate. Many councils and organizations direct their purpose at the prevention of injuries and have
Fracture is a disruption of the continuity of a bone. All degrees of such trauma occur. The fracture is commonly thought of as a break in the bony supporting frame of the body, but it may be
Inflammations of the skeletal system The skeletal system may be the site of inflammatory disease in any of its parts. The proper prefix with the suffix -itis designates the part involved.
The undifferentiated arthritis (UA) includes the forms of diseases with manifestations that do not correspond or only partially correspond with estimated diagnostic (classification) criteria of defined nosological entities.
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita includes a group of disorders characterized by multiple congenital joint contractures. The causes of fetal akinesis include disorders of nerves, muscles, or connective tissues, maternal disease, intrauterine constraint, or vascular compromise. The earlier and
Acute poliomyelitis is a viral infection that damages the anterior horn cells motor nuclei, causing paralysis. From a human host, the disease is spread by the oropharyngeal route. Most develop only a mild gastroenteritis. About 1% develop
Scoliosis in cerebral palsy develops in about two-thirds of patients with total body involvement. The relationship between scoliosis and hip dislocations is not well established. Risk factors for progression include curves >40° before age 15 years, thoracolumbar
Subtalar Fusion and Arthroereisis Procedures Procedures for arthrodesis, stiffening, or limiting motion of the subtalar joint are numerous and commonly performed. These procedures are often used to stabilize valgus feet secondary to cerebral palsy and to correct
Fibrocortical Defects Fibrocortical defects (or fibrous metaphyseal defects), fibrous lesions that are the most common bone tumor, occur in normal children, produce no symptoms, resolve spontaneously, and are found incidentally. They have a characteristic appearance that is
Simple, solitary, unicameral bone cysts (UBCs) are common lesions of unknown cause that occur in the upper humerus or femur. Theories of etiology include a defect in enchondral bone formation or altered hemodynamics with venous obstruction, causing