Regardless of the anesthetic to be given, patients require certain preparations for their anesthetic as well as for the operation itself. In major cases the preparations must include hospitalization of the patient several hours before the anticipated
General anesthesia means to render the entire patient to a state of unconsciousness without sensations or movement. This is accomplished by administering a drug which is carried to the brain by the blood stream, where it suppresses
Local anesthesia means to render only one area of the body insensible to pain. Consciousness is not altered.
Anesthesia in children has advanced dramatically during the past two decades. This improvement is due to subspecialization, new techniques, a focus on pain management, and preparing children psychologically.
Selection of Preoperative Medication The principal goals of preoperative medication are to relieve anxiety and provide sedation; to induce amnesia; to decrease secretion of saliva, gastric juices; to increase the gastric pH; to prevent allergic reactions to
Anesthetic risk is difficult to ascertain precisely in most cases. Perioperative complications and deaths are frequently caused by a combination of factors, including concurrent disease, complexity of the operation, and adverse effects of anesthesia. A few complications