Monthly Archive:: June 2015
Trocar site herniation is a recognized complication of laparoscopic surgery. Most cases have involved 10 mm or greater port, hence the recommendation to close any port greater than 5 mm. I recently had a case of trocar
Joint swelling in child is termed arthritis, whereas joint pain without signs of inflammation is referred to as arthralgia. Rheumatologists call pain at ligament and tendon insertions endthesopathy. Arthritis occurs in about 2 in 1000 children. The
Gait can be evaluated at three levels of sophistication.
New imaging methods in orthopedics make musculoskeletal evaluation more rapid, precise, and complete. However, new images must be interpreted with caution. Even after 100 years of experience reading conventional radiographs, it is still difficult to separate disease
Pediatric orthopedic physical examination of the musculoskeletal system should include two steps: a screening examination a complete musculoskeletal evaluation performed to assess a specific complaint.
Pediatric orthopedic evaluation leading to an accurate diagnosis is the first and important step in optimal management. Every condition requires a diagnosis, but only some require active treatment. The evaluation of the child is often more difficult
If the cervical intervertebral disk ruptures, adjacent neural structures may be compressed. Compression of a spinal root may cause weakness and sensory loss in structures of the upper extremity innervated by that root. The severity of the
Patients with pain can be divided into two groups: those with diseases that limit life expectancy, such as malignant tumors (malignant or cancer pain); those with normal life expectancy (chronic benign pain).
21 Jun 15
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) occur within the central nervous system as congenital anomalies that allow blood to be shunted directly from arteries to veins without an interposed capillary network. Afferent and efferent vessels are dilated, and they lead
An aneurysm is a saccular dilation of an artery that typically occurs at a branch point or curve in the artery’s course and generally points in the direction of blood flow. Usual aneurysm morphology consists of a